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2204:654ec7adbe4f21-Sep-2022 Zhidao HONG

Status: fixed error in connection statistics.

When proxy is used, the number of accepted connections is not counted,
This also results in the wrong number of active connections.

2203:6b6b979e821418-Sep-2022 Zhidao HONG

HTTP: fixed cookie parsing.

The fixing supports the cookie value with the '=' character.

This is related to #756 PR on Github.
Thanks to changxiaocui.

Revision tags: 1.28.0-1, 1.28.0
2194:0bce50b93a6a09-Sep-2022 Alex Colomar

Fixed a mutex leak in the C API.

In nxt_unit_create() we could leak a mutex created in
nxt_unit_ctx_init().

This could happen if nxt_unit_ctx_init() succeeded but later on we
bailed out of nxt_unit

Fixed a mutex leak in the C API.

In nxt_unit_create() we could leak a mutex created in
nxt_unit_ctx_init().

This could happen if nxt_unit_ctx_init() succeeded but later on we
bailed out of nxt_unit_create(), we would destroy the mutex created in
nxt_unit_create() but not the one created in nxt_unit_ctx_init().

Reorder things so that we do the call to nxt_unit_create() after all the
other checks so if it fails we don't leak the mutex it created.

Co-developed-by: Andrew Clayton <a.clayton@f5.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Clayton <a.clayton@f5.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Colomar <a.colomar@f5.com>

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2189:56af27d1e15906-Sep-2022 Zhidao HONG

Status: fixed incorrect pointer in test operation.
Found by Coverity (CID 380755).

2186:47d365005fab29-Aug-2022 Zhidao HONG

Status: added requests count.

2185:2227bdbb3c8929-Aug-2022 Valentin Bartenev

Implemented basic statistics API.

2183:5f7bba4cc96830-Aug-2022 Andrew Clayton

Ruby: prevented a segfault on receiving SIGINT (^C).

As was reported[0] by @travisbell on GitHub, if running unit from the
terminal in the foreground when hitting ^C to exit it, the ruby
application

Ruby: prevented a segfault on receiving SIGINT (^C).

As was reported[0] by @travisbell on GitHub, if running unit from the
terminal in the foreground when hitting ^C to exit it, the ruby
application processes would segfault if they were using threads.

It's not 100% clear where the actual problem lies, but it _looks_ like
it may be in ruby.

The simplest way to deal with this for now is to just ignore SIGINT in
the ruby application processes. Unit will still receive and handle it,
cleanly shutting everything down.

For people who want to handle SIGINT in their ruby application running
under unit they can still trap SIGINT and it will override the ignore.

[0]: https://github.com/nginx/unit/issues/562#issuecomment-1223229585

Closes: https://github.com/nginx/unit/issues/562

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2181:bb0bd4a8046428-Jul-2022 Alejandro Colomar

Disallowed abstract unix socket syntax in non-Linux systems.

The previous commit added/fixed support for abstract Unix domain sockets
on Linux with a leading '@' or '\0'. To be consistent in all pl

Disallowed abstract unix socket syntax in non-Linux systems.

The previous commit added/fixed support for abstract Unix domain sockets
on Linux with a leading '@' or '\0'. To be consistent in all platforms,
treat those prefixes as markers for abstract sockets in all platforms,
and fail if abstract sockets are not supported by the platform.

That will avoid mistakes when copying a config file from a Linux system
and using it in non-Linux, which would surprisingly create a normal socket.

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2180:f80f2e31733406-Aug-2022 Alejandro Colomar

Storing abstract sockets with @ internally.

We accept both "\u0000socket-name" and "@socket-name" as abstract
unix sockets. The first one is passed to the kernel pristine,
while the second is trans

Storing abstract sockets with @ internally.

We accept both "\u0000socket-name" and "@socket-name" as abstract
unix sockets. The first one is passed to the kernel pristine,
while the second is transformed '@'->'\0'.

The commit that added support for unix sockets accepts both
variants, but we internally stored it in the same way, using
"\u0000..." for both.

We want to support abstract sockets transparently to the user, so
that if the user configures unitd with '@', if we receive a query
about the current configuration, the user should see the same
exact thing that was configured. So, this commit avoids the
transformation in the internal state file, storing user input
pristine, and we only transform the '@' for a string that will
be used internally (not user-visible).

This commit (indirectly) fixes a small bug, where we created
abstract sockets with a trailing '\0' in their name due to calling
twice nxt_sockaddr_parse() on the same string. By calling that
function only once with each copy of the string, we have fixed that
bug.

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2179:8686f63a222828-Jul-2022 Alejandro Colomar

Fixed support for abstract Unix sockets.

Unix domain sockets are normally backed by files in the
filesystem. This has historically been problematic when closing
and opening again such sockets, sinc

Fixed support for abstract Unix sockets.

Unix domain sockets are normally backed by files in the
filesystem. This has historically been problematic when closing
and opening again such sockets, since SO_REUSEADDR is ignored for
Unix sockets (POSIX left the behavior of SO_REUSEADDR as
implementation-defined, and most --if not all-- implementations
decided to just ignore this flag).

Many solutions are available for this problem, but all of them
have important caveats:

- unlink(2) the file when it's not needed anymore.

This is not easy, because the process that controls the fd may
not be the same process that created the file, and may not have
file permissions to remove it.

Further solutions can be applied to that caveat:

- unlink(2) the file right after creation.

This will remove the pathname from the filesystem without
closing the socket (it will continue to live until the last fd
is closed). This is not useful for us, since we need the
pathname of the socket as its interface.

- chown(2) or chmod(2) the directory that contains the socket.

For removing a file from the filesystem, a process needs
write permissions in the containing directory. We could
put sockets in dummy directories that can be chown(2)ed to
nobody. This could be dangerous, though, as we don't control
the socket names. It is our users who configure the socket
name in their configuration, and so it's easy that they don't
understand the many implications of not chosing an appropriate
socket pathname. A user could unknowingly put the socket in a
directory that is not supposed to be owned by user nobody, and
if we blindly chown(2) or chmod(2) the directory, we could be
creating a big security hole.

- Ask the main process to remove the socket.

This would require a very complex communication mechanism with
the main process, which is not impossible, but let's avoid it
if there are simpler solutions.

- Give the child process the CAP_DAC_OVERRIDE capability.

That is one of the most powerful capabilities. A process with
that capability can be considered root for most practical
aspects. Even if the capability is disabled for most of the
lifetime of the process, there's a slight chance that a
malicious actor could activate it and then easily do serious
damage to the system.

- unlink(2) the file right before calling bind(2).

This is dangerous because another process (for example, another
running instance of unitd(8)), could be using the socket, and
removing the pathname from the filesystem would be problematic.
To do this correctly, a lot of checks should be added before the
actual unlink(2), which is error-prone, and difficult to do
correctly, and atomically.

- Use abstract-namespace Unix domain sockets.

This is the simplest solution, as it only requires accepting a
slightly different syntax (basically a @ prefix) for the socket
name, to transform it into a string starting with a null byte
('\0') that the kernel can understand. The patch is minimal.

Since abstract sockets live in an abstract namespace, they don't
create files in the filesystem, so there's no need to remove
them later. The kernel removes the name when the last fd to it
has been closed.

One caveat is that only Linux currently supports this kind of
Unix sockets. Of course, a solution to that could be to ask
other kernels to implement such a feature.

Another caveat is that filesystem permissions can't be used to
control access to the socket file (since, of course, there's no
file). Anyone knowing the socket name can access to it. The
only method to control access to it is by using
network_namespaces(7). Since in unitd(8) we're using 0666 file
sockets, abstract sockets should be no more insecure than that
(anyone can already read/write to the listener sockets).

- Ask the kernel to implement a simpler way to unlink(2) socket
files when they are not needed anymore. I've suggested that to
the <linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org> mailing list, in:
<lore.kernel.org/linux-fsdevel/0bc5f919-bcfd-8fd0-a16b-9f060088158a@gmail.com/T>

In this commit, I decided to go for the easiest/simplest solution,
which is abstract sockets. In fact, we already had partial
support. This commit only fixes some small bug in the existing
code so that abstract Unix sockets work:

- Don't chmod(2) the socket if it's an abstract one.

This fixes the creation of abstract sockets, but doesn't make them
usable, since we produce them with a trailing '\0' in their name.
That will be fixed in the following commit.

This closes #669 issue on GitHub.

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2178:e1ccc158d70b22-Jun-2022 Alejandro Colomar

Fixed include guard.

For consistency, use the same pattern as in the rest of the project.

2176:7f691279f31816-Aug-2022 Andrei Zeliankou

Fixed UNIX sockets support for ASGI.

This change was forgotten in the original implementation 282123ba4f7b.

2175:e83cff38d67203-Aug-2022 Alejandro Colomar

Removed dead code.

nxt_sockaddr_ntop() stopped being used in commit (git) 029942f4eb71.
It has been replaced mostly by nxt_sockaddr_text().

commit 029942f4eb7196c2cff0d0e26bc6ff274138f7d8
A

Removed dead code.

nxt_sockaddr_ntop() stopped being used in commit (git) 029942f4eb71.
It has been replaced mostly by nxt_sockaddr_text().

commit 029942f4eb7196c2cff0d0e26bc6ff274138f7d8
Author: Igor Sysoev <igor@sysoev.ru>
Date: Wed Feb 22 15:09:59 2017 +0300

I/O operations refactoring.

nxt_job_sockaddr_parse() stopped being used in commit (git) 794248090a74.

commit 794248090a74f31cbfcf24ea8c835df2d4d21073
Author: Igor Sysoev <igor@sysoev.ru>
Date: Wed Mar 4 14:04:08 2020 +0300

Legacy upstream code removed.

Also, remove functions and types used only by those two functions:

nxt_job_sockaddr_unix_parse()
nxt_job_sockaddr_inet6_parse()
nxt_job_sockaddr_inet_parse()
nxt_job_sockaddr_parse_t
nxt_job_resolve()
nxt_job_resolve_t

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2174:a7fb5d8a959017-Feb-2022 Max Romanov

Fixing isolated process PID manipulation.

Registering an isolated PID in the global PID hash is wrong
because it can be duplicated. Isolated processes are stored only
in the children list until the

Fixing isolated process PID manipulation.

Registering an isolated PID in the global PID hash is wrong
because it can be duplicated. Isolated processes are stored only
in the children list until the response for the WHOAMI message is
processed and the global PID is discovered.

To remove isolated siblings, a pointer to the children list is
introduced in the nxt_process_init_t struct.

This closes #633 issue on GitHub.

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2172:282123ba4f7b31-Mar-2022 Alejandro Colomar

Python: supporting UNIX sockets.

This closes #635 issue on GitHub.

2170:8eee6cdafb5802-Aug-2022 Alejandro Colomar

Rejecting non-Linux pivot_root(2).

Some non-Linux systems implement pivot_root(2), even if they
don't document that. An example is MacOS:

$ grepc pivot_root / 2>/dev/null
.../sys/sysproto.h:3012:

Rejecting non-Linux pivot_root(2).

Some non-Linux systems implement pivot_root(2), even if they
don't document that. An example is MacOS:

$ grepc pivot_root / 2>/dev/null
.../sys/sysproto.h:3012:
int pivot_root(struct proc *, struct pivot_root_args *, int *);

Since the prototype of the syscall differs from that of Linux, we
can't use that syscall. Let's make sure the test only detects
pivot_root(2) under Linux. Also, rename the feature macro to make
clear that it's only about Linux's pivot_root(2).

This closes #737 issue on GitHub.

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2169:b8afbff114fc18-Jun-2022 Alejandro Colomar

Including <mntent.h> iff it exists.

With NXT_HAVE_PIVOT_ROOT, we had issues in MacOS. Headers should
normally be included unconditionally, except of course if they
don't exist.

This fixes part of

Including <mntent.h> iff it exists.

With NXT_HAVE_PIVOT_ROOT, we had issues in MacOS. Headers should
normally be included unconditionally, except of course if they
don't exist.

This fixes part of the #737 issue on GitHub.

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2166:64a3527f65ad28-Jul-2022 Zhidao HONG

Log: customizable access log format.

2165:556348458f3414-Jul-2022 Zhidao HONG

Log: split access log from nxt_router.c.

No functional changes.

2164:52fbf5e84a4228-Jul-2022 Zhidao HONG

Ruby: fixed segfault on SIGTERM signal.

This closes #562 issue on GitHub.

2163:67d2d679509e09-Jun-2022 Alejandro Colomar

Ruby: fixed contents of SCRIPT_NAME.

Having the basename of the script pathname was incorrect. While
we don't have something more accurate, the best thing to do is to
have it empty (which should be

Ruby: fixed contents of SCRIPT_NAME.

Having the basename of the script pathname was incorrect. While
we don't have something more accurate, the best thing to do is to
have it empty (which should be the right thing most of the time).

This closes #715 issue on GitHub.

The bug was introduced in git commit
0032543fa65f454c471c968998190b027c1ff270
'Ruby: added the Rack environment parameter "SCRIPT_NAME".'.

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2161:f8e608f6980027-Feb-2022 Alejandro Colomar

Supporting UNIX sockets in address matching.

This closes #645 issue on GitHub.

(Also moved a changelog line that was misplaced in a previous commit.)

2160:5779bf989b9615-Jun-2022 Andrew Clayton

Router: avoided undefined behaviour.

In src/nxt_http_route_addr.c::nxt_http_route_addr_pattern_parse() there
was potentially undefined behaviour when shifting a 32 bit value by 32
bits, this could h

Router: avoided undefined behaviour.

In src/nxt_http_route_addr.c::nxt_http_route_addr_pattern_parse() there
was potentially undefined behaviour when shifting a 32 bit value by 32
bits, this could happen if cidr_prefix was 0.

Promote the shiftee to unsigned long long to avoid this issue.

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2158:bbc15554fb3606-May-2022 Andrew Clayton

Var: added a $dollar variable that translates to a '$'.

Allow $dollar (or ${dollar}) to translate to a literal $ to allow
support for sub-delimiters in URIs.

It is possible to have URLs like

htt

Var: added a $dollar variable that translates to a '$'.

Allow $dollar (or ${dollar}) to translate to a literal $ to allow
support for sub-delimiters in URIs.

It is possible to have URLs like

https://example.com/path/15$1588/9925$2976.html

and thus it would be useful to be able to specify them in various bits
of the unit config such as the location setting.

However this hadn't been possible due to $ being used to denote
variables for substitution. E.g $host.

As was noted in the below GitHub issue it was suggested by @VBart to
use $sign to represent a literal $, however I feel $dollar is more
appropriate so we have a variable named after the thing it represents,
also @tippexs found[0] that &dollar is used in HTML to represent a $, so
there is some somewhat related precedent.

(The other idea to use $$ was rejected in my original pull-request[1]
for this issue.)

This means the above URL could be specified as

https://example.com/path/15${dollar}1588/9925${dollar}2976.html

in the unit config.

This is done by adding a variable called 'dollar' which is loaded into
the variables hash table which translates into a literal $.

This is then handled in nxt_var_next_part() where variables are parsed
for lookup and $dollar is set for substitution by a literal '$'. Actual
variable substitution happens in nxt_var_query_finish().

[0]: https://github.com/nginx/unit/pull/693#issuecomment-1130412323
[1]: https://github.com/nginx/unit/pull/693

Closes: https://github.com/nginx/unit/issues/675

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2156:bfa61f165c7c01-Jul-2022 Alejandro Colomar

Added missing inline keyword.

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